Our association Ad Pacem servandam – For Peace and Against War – is organizing two public lectures to spread the truth about the war in Eastern Ukraine.
Our speaker, Mr. Kozlovsky, is a Ukrainian historian and religious researcher, poet, writer and essayist. He participated in the Euromaidan protests in Donetsk, the capital of Ukraine’s Donbass, when Russian special forces entered eastern Ukraine and occupied the city. He was one of the organizers of the Interreligious Prayer Marathon for the Unity of Ukraine (March-November 2014, Donetsk).
On January 27, 2016, he was captured by fighters of the “Donetsk People’s Republic” and remained in captivity for almost two years (700 days) until December 27, 2017. Since his release, Kozlovsky has been actively engaged in campaigning for the release of Ukrainian prisoners in the Donbass and Crimea.
Ad Pacem is organizing three meetings to give Mr. Kozlovsky the opportunity to talk about this cruel and still ongoing war. It will be possible to ask him questions directly, with translation on the spot.
The three public events
On Friday, October 15, at 8:00 p.m., his testimony will take place in Luxembourg, in the commune of Mersch, in Lintgen, 17 rue du cimetière.
On Saturday, October 16, at 10:30 a.m., a public conference will be held in France at the Maison pastorale in Mont-St-Martin, 1 avenue du bois.
On Saturday, October 16 at 4:00 p.m., a charity concert for civilian victims of the war in Ukraine will be held in the church of Notre Dame de Villerupt (Place Jeanne d’Arc) in France.
The organist from Longwy, Mrs. Marie-Paule Baumgartner-Sendron, and her students Laura and Daniel Pantaleoni will play works by Bach, Pachelbel, Boely, Vierne and others. In the middle of the concert, Mr. Kozlovsky will talk about the war in Ukraine. Light refreshments will be offered at the end of the concert.
The anti-COVID19 rules in force will be observed.
For those who cannot travel to Luxembourg or France, Ad Pacem will organize a live streaming of the conference on Saturday morning.
In Newsletter No. 10 we made an appeal to support the urgent operation of Igor, a civilian victim who was seriously injured in February 2021 during clashes between the Ukrainian army and pro-Russian separatists.
Since then, Igor has been waiting at home for the possibility of an operation. But the family could not raise the money needed to pay for the operation. In the meantime Igor’s condition was getting worse.
At the end of April, we heard about his case from someone we knew. We decided to pay the costs of the operation and all the necessary treatments.
In May the operation, which had been postponed several times, could be performed. It was an operation that lasted from morning to night and where all the pieces of projectiles that Igor had received in the abdomen were removed. And his organs were put back in their place. Igor was in hospital for a month and went through a very tough post-operative period.
Today he has returned home and continues daily rehabilitation treatment in hospital. For weeks he will have to keep a strict diet but will remain disabled for the rest of his life. In a recent phone call, he thanked our association and all the donors who spontaneously made a donation to save his life.
The war in Eastern Ukraine, which has almost disappeared from our media, continues to claim victims every day. Here is an urgent case that our association “Ad Pacem” has decided to support these days, if it is possible with your help.
It is an urgent operation for young Igor, a civilian victim wounded by stray bullets on the front line. His family does not have the money to pay for the operation and his stay in hospital.
In recent weeks, shooting has increased on the frontline where the Ukrainian army and Russian-armed separatists face each other. Many families continue to live there because they cannot flee elsewhere, having any friends or family to take them in.
This is the case of 22-year-old Igor, who lives with his father (who earns his living from temporary jobs) in a village near the front line.
At the end of February, he was in his garden when he was seriously wounded by stray bullets to the abdomen and hand. A first operation was carried out to urgently and temporarily treat his abdominal wound and remove two fingers. The second and more important operation was postponed several times because of the Covid health crisis in the region. We know that his father’s financial situation does not allow him to pay for this second operation, which should take place next Wednesday, 19th of May. But it will only be done if he pays the hospital in advance and brings the medicines he has bought in advance. The surgeon advised him not to buy Russian medicines, which are cheaper but also of much lower quality and ineffective for this operation.
It was through a good acquaintance whom we have been helping for years that we were put in touch by phone with Igor’s desperate father. The operation is necessary to save the life of his son, who will have to stay in hospital for at least twenty days with special treatments. And it is also up to the father to buy all the medicines for after the operation.
According to the information we have at the moment, the expenses for Igor’s operation amount to €800, the purchase of medicines to €400, the hospitalization with special medicines to €400. It is important to know that an average worker earns at best 150 € per month in the territories occupied by the pro-Russian separatists, which is not the case for Igor’s father who has no paid job.
We appeal to your generosity to help Igor. Every donation, no matter how small, will make a difference.
You can make your donation to our bank account IBAN LU28 0099 7800 0064 0276 (BIC: CCRALULL) with the mention “Operation Igor”.
Thank you all very much! We will keep you informed about the follow-up of this urgent help in the coming weeks.
On Saturday, March 6, the committee of the association Ad Pacem servandam (For Peace and Against War) held its fourth general assembly online. All the members of the board were present, 18 members of the association followed the meeting online, and 22 people apologized.
After giving a general overview of the different items on the agenda, President Claude Pantaleoni reviewed all the activities and operations for the year 2020.
The vice-president, Mrs. Natalya Pantaleoni, presented the aid to the victims of the war in Eastern Ukraine as well as the three new scholarship holders from this region that Ad Pacem has been supporting for a few months.
An important point of the 2020 activities was the elaboration of the Ad Pacem 2021 calendar. It was based on photos taken by four members of the association during the Peace March that runs along the front line of the Great War between 1915 and 1918 between Italy and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It was sold in parishes, high schools, and among members and friends.
Mr. Christian Welter, the treasurer, presented a detailed financial report for the year 2020 which was validated by the auditor Mr. Patrice Picart.
The committee is pleased to announce the acceptance of a new member, Mr. Laurent Tran Van Mang. The last items on the agenda concerned the next Peace March that the association plans to make in Bosnia-Herzegovina on the traces of the Balkan wars of the 1990-s. It also plans some outings with young people (bike trips, museum visits, etc.) and plans meetings with war victims.
For one week, from Monday 7 September to Friday 11 September 2020, some of our members walked a stretch of the 650 km “Sentiero della Pace” (Path of Peace), which runs along the Italian or”Alpine front”of the First World War. It was here that the Italian and Austro-Hungarian armies faced each other between 1915 and 1918. The chosen route is located in the Pre-Alps of Vicenza, near the town of Rovereto and Lake Garda.
The aim was to discover, in places of the “Great War”, as the Italians call the First World War, the very harsh reality of a mountain war – little known in Europe – although it claimed about one million victims in the military corps of both countries.
On Saturday 29 February 2020, our association “For peace and against war” invited Mr. Gabriel Becker, from Lorraine, to present the Nazi camp of Ban St-Jean in Moselle (F) on the occasion of the 20th “Salon du Livre et des cultures” in Luxembourg. This camp is in fact a mass grave containing the re-mains of 20,000 Soviet prisoners of the Second World War.
Before giving the floor to the guest, the President of the Association, Mr. Claude Pantaleoni, introduced Mr. Becker and his research work within the AFU (French-Ukrainian Association), which is responsible for the rehabilitation of the camp.
The mass grave of Ban
St-Jean is located in Moselle, near Boulay, about one hour from Luxembourg.
Gabriel Becker, a retired German teacher, has been researching testimonies,
archive documents and memorabilia for twenty years to save the history of this
Soviet prison camp from oblivion. He is vice president and co-founder of the
Franco-Ukrainian Association (AFU), which works to pre-serve the camp.
Becker has published
four books in which he explains the drama of the last world war and the ups and
downs of the camp’s rehabilitation.
Nazi transit camp
The speaker began by
explaining that the local population did not want to deal with this camp after
the war and did everything they could to forget the place, partly because the
people were worried about their survival and were busy with the difficult
organisation of their daily lives.
Before the war,
between 1934 and 1936, the St-Jean camp was set up as a security camp as part
of the fortifications of the Maginot Line, i.e. it was a camp intended to
receive the wounded and dead of the Maginot Line a few kilometres away. As it
had to provide new men, it took on a strategic role, even though the Nazi army bypassed
the Maginot Line and passed through Belgium to attack France.
The camp covers an
area of 100 hectares and is located in the countryside near a forest. It was
crated from expropriated private land in the municipality of Denting.
Using historical photographs,
Mr. Becker reconstructed the origin and development of the camp, which was
first occupied by the 146th RIF of the French army. After the French surrender
in June 1939 German Nazi soldiers took over the camp. The first prisoners were
French, including François Mitterrand, who spent a few days there.
In June 1940 Hitler
launched the Barbarossa attack against the Soviet Union and the first Soviet
prisoners arrived in Lorraine and on the Ban St. Jean. Almost every day, Soviet
prisoners in a state of extreme physical decay reached Bolchen station. The
luckiest among them were able to work for the farmers in the region. They were
“lucky” because they were fed a normal diet, which did not ap-ply to
the camp inmates. For the biggest problem in the camp was the enormous lack of
food. This regularly led to epidemics (cholera, typhus, etc.) among the weak
and often sick prisoners. Accordingly, the mortality rate was very high. From
1941 to 1944, about 300,000 Soviet prisoners lived in Ban St. Jean. As soon as
their physical condition allowed it, they were distributed to the iron and coal
mines of the region.
At the end of the
war, about 204 mass graves with 80 to 100 victims per grave were discovered,
which means more than 20,000 bodies in total. According to Gabriel Becker, this
makes Ban St. Jean the largest Nazi mass grave in France, even though it was
not an extermination camp but a transit camp.
Ukrainian commemoration ceremonies
After the war, the
Ukrainian community took on the task of establishing a cemetery on Ban St.
Jean. The Ukrainians laid out a cemetery with a gravestone around the mass
graves and organized an annual memorial service in honour of their dead
But Moscow – in the
time of the USSR – did not like these ceremonies. It did not allow to member
state of the Soviet Union to participate in such ceremonies outside the
official ways. It did not allow Ukrainians in the diaspora to show their
nationalism. Therefore, Moscow put pressure on the French government to stop
the public celebrations. The French Government gave in by setting up a Soviet
cemetery in Noyers-St-Martin to lay to rest the Soviet dead scattered
throughout France. In 1979 and 1980, the French government organised the
exhumations in three phases. The exhumed bodies were transferred to the new
necropolis in Noyers-St-Martin, in the Oise region near Beauvais. The proximity
to Paris made it easier for official representatives to travel there.
But since then, Mr
Becker still has a problem: ” only 2,879 victims have been exhumed… and
the announced figure of 20,000 or 22,000 victims is a suspicious undercutting.
In 1980, the French government declared Ban St. Jean a “clean” place,
so from that time on, no more commemorations were held there “.
On an autumn day in
2000, when the mayor of Denting declared that an incinerator was to be built on
the site of the former concentration camp to dispose of the sludge from the
sewage treatment plants of the entire Moselle department, the population again
remembered the dead.
Stele for the 22,000 Ukrainian victims
At that time Mr.
Becker was a member of an environmental protection association, which immediately
opposed the construction. The mayor of Boulay also opposed the construction of
the incinerator. Knowing Mr Jean-Pierre Masseret, the representative of the
Ministry of Veterinary Affairs, he visited him in Paris. There, he was able to
convince the minister that it was not appropriate to have this plant built, as
the site had been used as a transit camp for political prisoners during the
Second World War and thousands of bodies were still buried in the ground. The
minister took the side of the factory opponents. He appealed to Mrs Malgorne,
prefect of Moselle, to stop the project. He literally called on her to
“stop the project out of respect for the memory of all the victims of the
camp. And although many bodies have been exhumed, my services cannot guarantee
that there will be no more bodies. Mr. Becker and his team took the initiative
and had a stele erected to make Ban St. Jean a place of remembrance again. The
stela bears the inscription “To the 22,000 Ukrainian victims of Ban St.
On the basis of numerous
documents, Becker explained what is important so that the descendants of Soviet
prisoners can visit the burial place of one of their ancestors. Some
descendants could be found in Russia or Ukraine and then came to visit Ban St.
John. The camp itself was completely razed to the ground after the Second World
War, leaving only the houses of officers and non-commissioned officers.
Today, descendants of
the third generation still visit the Ban St. John, because thanks to the
Internet they can locate the camp and obtain information. But before them, a
whole generation was not able to honour their deceased for various reasons
(Iron Curtain, no financial means, no information).
At the end of the
war, many prisoners knew that if they returned to the USSR, they would be
treated very badly by Stalin, who considered every survivor a traitor or
coward. That is why most of them did not return to the USSR and tried to find
out where they could stay in Europe. Especially France, Germany or Great
Britain came into question as new homes. Many emigrated to Canada, the United
States or Australia. Only a few returned to the USSR.
“Lost Memory” (A documentary)
During the second
part of the conference, Mr. Becker showed a documentary film by filmmaker
Dominique Hennequin from Metz (F), who had visited Ban St. Jean several times
during six months. His documentary film is called “Trou de mémoire (Lost
Memory) – Ban St. Jean” and describes the everyday life of the
“Eastern workers”, the labour prisoners from the East. It can be
viewed on YouTube (www.filmsdocumentaires.com/films/4020-trou-de-memoire).
The film captures a
forgotten page of history, captures a collective “hole of memory”.
Who remembers that in 1942 every seventh inhabitant of Moselle (F) was a man or
woman of Russian, Polish or Ukrainian origin? Prisoners of war or families
rounded up by the Nazi occupiers during Operation Barbarossa were to use their labour
to support the German war effort in the occupied territory of Moselle.
The Eastern workers
worked like slaves, provided they had survived the long journey in cattle wagons,
without water or food, to the Ban-Saint-Jean near Bolchen (Boulay). In the transit
camp, which took 300,000 prisoners over the years, hunger, cold and typhus
killed the weakest quite quickly.
The conference ended
with a current problem. Mr. Becker explained that the AFU (Association
Fran-co-Ukrainienne) had difficulties in organising the annual official
commemoration ceremonies because of the war between Russia and Ukraine. In
fact, Russians and Ukrainians do not understand each other anymore, even though
they stay together in front of the mass graves of their dead ancestors. It has
become difficult today to remember together the Soviet dead (especially
Ukrainians and Russians) who lie in the mass graves. Today, official
representatives of Russia and Ukraine are no longer invited to the commemoration
ceremonies on Ban St. John.
Gabriel Becker, a retired professor of German, has been collecting testimonials, archive documents and memorabilia for the past twenty years to bring back to life the history of this prison camp. He is the author of four books on the subject:
Le camp du BAN SAINT-JEAN (1941-1944), Lumière sur une honte enf(o)uie
Le drame ukrainien en France (Moselle) (1941-1944), Mementote…
Camp du Ban Saint-Jean, Moselle, La Revie
Camp du Ban Saint-Jean Moselle, Nadejda : Espoir
He is vice-president and co-founder of the Association Franco-Ukrainienne (AFU) for the rehabilitation of the Ban Saint-Jean mass grave near Boulay, Moselle.
During his lecture, he will present the twists and turns of the dark history of this transit camp (300,000 prisoners) and death camp (22,000 dead).